- May 14, 2021
- Posted by: Taapano Paradza
- Category: Duty Increase
The import duties on wheat and wheaten flour have increased today (14 May 2020) from free of duty to 19,17c/kg and 28,76c/kg respectively, in terms of the existing variable tariff formula. The duty had been on a downward trend since the beginning of the year until the duty was eliminated on 10 March.
What causes changes in wheat and wheaten flour duties?
Wheat and wheaten flour import duties constantly change because of global price movements. Wheat duties in South Africa are calculated using a variable tariff formula. This ensures that import duties are triggered when international prices are low. The duty is only active when international prices drop below a certain price level known as the reference price. The reference price is currently $279 per ton.
Free Trade Agreements wheat quotas
When import duties are in place, wheat quotas under different trade agreements are sought after by importers. Wheat can be imported duty-free or at preferential duties (up to certain volumes) under the WTO Minimum Market Access system, EU – SADC EPA, and the SACUM – UK EPA.
SACU wheat rebate
In addition to the above, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and eSwatini (BLNE) have a special wheat rebate provision that allows wheat to be imported duty-free. Each country can import specific maximum volumes in terms of this arrangement. South Africa is not a beneficiary of the special rebate.
Rebate permits issued in each of the countries come with various conditions and one of the important conditions is that wheat and wheaten flour imported in terms of the rebate item into any of the BLNE countries shall not be removed from the importing country. This condition does not apply to products manufactured from the imported wheat and wheaten flour.
Good use of the special wheat rebate
In times when there is a duty on wheat and wheaten flour, other SACU countries likely have a competitive advantage on some manufactured products. A good example is pasta. Pasta manufacturing is largely influenced by the cost of wheat flour because it is one of the key ingredients. Namibian pasta manufacturers import the wheat flour under rebate, manufacture pasta, and sell it in South Africa. This is good for Namibian manufacturers and not so good for South African manufacturers.
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